Fleet list

Kabul to Darulaman tramway. Photo courtesy Werner Mueller

This table attempts to draw together all the various reports of railway locomotives which have operated on Afghanistan’s various railways over the years.

These are only the locos I know about so far; there may be many others still to be discovered. Do get in touch if you know of any others, or can offer me details on these ones – have any more survived?

Locomotives in Afghanistan

Builder Model Type Gauge Build date Works no. Customer Used at Notes Source
Henschel, Germany   0-4-0WT (steam) 760 mm (2ft 6in) 1923 19680, 19681, 19691 Ferrostaal for Kabul-Darulaman Kabul – Darulaman tramway At Darulaman museum Locos extant.
Deutz, Germany OMZ117 F 4wDM 600 mm 1938 22732, 22733 Regierungs-einkaufsstelle von Afghanistan, Berlin, für Karachi   Deutz delivered two new A2L514 engines for them in 1954. [1]
Henschel, Germany   4wDH 600 mm 1951 24892, 24993, 24994   Supplied to Sarobi power station   Rinbad 2002
Ruhrthaler Maschinen-fabrik, Germany   4wDM 600 mm 1964 3787, 3788, 3789, 3790 Hochtief Delivered to Working Group Mahipar   [1]
Ruhrthaler Maschinen-fabrik, Germany  G 60 O/V 4wDM 600 mm 1965 3800, 3812, 3813, 3814 Siemens-Bauunion Mahipar  3800, 3814 now at Montan- und Werksbahn-museum, Graz, Austria [1]
Bedia Maschinen-fabrik, Germany D35/6 mining locos 4wDH 600 mm 1979 150, 151, 152, 153       Rinbad 2002
“appeared to be of East German or other Soviet Block origin” (Waters 2002)   B-B (DH?) ~600 mm ? Carried nos TIJ 1, TIJ 2, TIJ 3, TIJ 4   Reported at Tang-i-Jharoo, between Kabul and Khyber Pass 1969-03-15 Could these be the Ruhrthaler locos? Wilfrid Simms, quoted in Paul E Waters (2002).
ZTS Martin, Czechoslovakia? mining loco, DH-30? 4wDH narrow ? ≥4 locos Dudkash coal mine Photo

[1] Source: Works list research by Simon Darvill.

Cross-border operations

The two 1520 mm gauge lines from the former USSR are worked by locomotives belonging to the Uzbek and Turkmen national railways. There are no locos based on the Afghan side of the borders. This is a table of some locos I have identified in photos etc; the list is obviously nothing like complete.

Railway Class Number Date Source
Uzbekistan Temir Yollari (UTY) TEM2 7091 2006 Trainboard
Uzbekistan Temir Yollari (UTY) TEM2 3199 1 December 2007 Azizi Hotak
Uzbekistan Temir Yollari (UTY) TEM2 7056 Photo (David Brice)
Uzbekistan Temir Yollari (UTY) TEM2 3315 October 2008 Photo
Uzbekistan Temir Yollari (UTY) TEM2 6773 10 January 2011 Photo
Uzbekistan Temir Yollari (UTY) TEM2 6370 27 August 2011 Photo
Uzbekistan Temir Yollari (UTY) 2ТE10М 2337 3 February 2012 Photo
Turkmenistan 2TE10L 2086 28 November 2007 Photo

Railways in Afghanistan

Train at Hayratan (Photo:Azizi Hotak)

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