The Asian Development Bank has published this rather fine photo, captioned:
Railway terminal in Mazar-e-Sharif, Afghanistan, January 5, 2014. The railway has provided easy transportation for oil, wood, flour, wheat, asphalt and other important products
There is what looks like a TEM2 diesel locomotive in the background.
Despite the date in the caption, the metadata says the picture was taken on 19 December 2013, by Jawad Jalali (presumably this Afghan photographer).
That looks rather like a passenger station, despite the Uzbekistan to Mazar-i-Sharif railway being freight only.
The UK’s National Army Museum has this rather good photo of The opening of the Khyber railway, 1925. Photograph by Randolph Bezzant Holmes (1888-1973), India, North West Frontier, 1925. NAM Image Number 118645.
The text says:
The Khyber Pass Railway from Jamrud, near Peshawar, to the Afghan border near Landi Kotal was opened on 4 November 1925. Built to allow easier movement of troops to the frontier, the railway climbed more than 1,200 metres (3,900 feet) through 34 tunnels and 92 bridges, and culverts to reach Landi Kotal.
Photo taken by William Henry Jackson and published in Harper’s Weekly, 1895, now available on the Library of Congress website.
Railway station at Chaman, near Kojak Tunnel.
Gulistan Station on the Great Military Railway.
Although labelled as “Gulistan Station on the Great Military Railway, at entrance to Kojak Tunnel”, this is actually Shela Bagh station.
John Saunders has uploaded to Flickr the contents of an album of 1930s and 1940s photos which belonged to his uncle Bill Saunders (1916-69), who was an aircraftsman in the Royal Air Force and spent some years in India.
There is a photo of a “Henschel engine of the first railway at Kabul, stored at Darulaman, 1974” by Dr Wolfram Koehler at the Trains-Worldexpresses website (which also has lots of other interesting pictures of trains in Asia).
A Russian-language photograph archive with images of the official opening ceremony for the Friendship bridge between the USSR and Afghanistan on 12 May 1982, and associated events including a tree-planting ceremony on the previous day.
The photos include a view of the bridge decorated with large photos of Soviet and Afghan bigwigs – I think they are Brezhnev on the left and Afghanistan’s President Karmal on the right(?).
On Flickr is a wonderful collection of photographs of Landi Kotal and the Khyber Pass in 1937, taken (or collected?) by Albert Chalcroft of The King’s Regiment.
These are some of the railway ones (click to enlarge and visit on Flickr):
I think this is my favourite:
Hairatan Port : Naweed Fardeen Group of companies has his own Train line and port at Hairatan near Uzbekistan border for the purpose of have effectiveness effeciency in the busines for its customers.
There are some photos of the railway line on the website of Naweed Fardeen Group, who in addition to transport and freight forwarding, can supply you with containers, electrical goods, precious stones and carpets. The pictures include a shot of locomotive TEM2-3315